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江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

  • 江苏
  • 2018-09-13
  • 高二年级
  • 期中考试
  • 123次

收藏 纠错 题号:8766933 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What was the weather like yesterday?
A. Cloudy.
B. Rainy.
C. Sunny.
2. What does the woman mean?
A. She is happy to help.
B. She can’t afford any tips.
C. She is going to visit Henry soon.
3. What is the woman asking about?
A. How to get to the Great Wall.      
B. If the man knows a group tour.       
C. What the man will do this weekend.
4. What did the woman think about her day?
A. Boring and tiring.
B. Tiring but fun.
C. Relaxing and interesting.
5. What are the two speakers probably doing?
A. Playing tennis.
B. Climbing a mountain.
C. Running along the beach.
听下面5段对话,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间,每段对话读两遍。
听第6段对话,回答第6至7题。
6. Why does the man know David is injured?
A. Because he saw David fall down yesterday.  
B. Because David told him over the phone just now.  
C. Because he met David in the park earlier today.
7. What can we know from the conversation?
A. The woman doesn’t think skating is fun.        
B. They will go skating tonight before 7 o’clock.      
C. They will go skating tonight without David.
听第7段对话,回答第8至10题。
7. What is the relationship between the two speakers?
A. Strangers.
B. Friends.
C. Neighbors.
9. How many children does the man have?
A. At most three.
B. At least four.
C. At least five.
10. What do we know about the man?
A. He lacks friends.
B. He lives on his own.
C. He loves travelling around.
听第8段对话,回答第11至13题。
11. Why did the man choose not to visit Beijing in the end?
A. Because he didn’t like the hot weather there.   
B. Because he had no friend to accompany him there.   
C. Because he was told about a more popular tourist site.
12. Which of the following places did the man miss visiting?
A. The Huang Guo Shu Waterfalls.
B. The historical city Zunyi.        
C. The Maling Gorge.
13. What does the man probably think of his trip?
A. Terrible.
B. Just so-so.
C. Fascinating.
听第9段对话,回答第14至17题。
14. What is the man doing?
A. Watching TV in his room.
B. Reading a story.       
C. Doing his homework.
15. Why did the twin brothers’ parents feel sorry?
A. Because the twin brothers didn’t look alright.      
B. Because the twin brothers’ lives were in danger.      
C. Because only one of the twin brothers would survive.
16. What did the dying man tell the twin brothers one day?
A. That they had been forgiven.  
B. That their village was being attacked.  
C. That they had been found by enemies.
17. What do we know about the ending of the story?
A. It is a strange ending.
B. It is a sad ending.
C. It is a happy ending.
听第10段对话,回答第18至20题。
18. Why did Anne Lindbergh begin to write?
A. To reduce her sadness. 
B. To tell stories to her kids.
C. To record her flying times.
19. Which of the following books is mainly about women’s issues?
A. North to the Orient.
B. Gift from the Sea.
C. The Wave of the Future.
20. What do we know about the book ‘Hour of Gold, Hour of Lead’?
A. It was written in the 1960s.       
B. It told a story of a sad father and his son.          
C. It was about the author’s happy and sad life events.

收藏 纠错 题号:663188 题型: 日期: 试题难度:较易 组卷:4次 引用:12次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

The driver was at ________ loss when ________ word came that he was forbidden to drive because of speeding.
A.a;the      B./;/        C.the;the     D.a;/

收藏 纠错 题号:8766937 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

_______ an increase in foreign legal conflicts, China is expected to see the number continue to rise.
A.To witness         B.Being witnessed
C.Witnessed         D.Having witnessed

收藏 纠错 题号:8766938 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等 引用:2次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

The first thing you must remember is that in order to succeed, it is almost compulsory that you ______ optimistic.
A.be         B.are        C.must be     D.have been

收藏 纠错 题号:8766944 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等 引用:2次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

I’m sorry to say I failed to meet the deadline.With better equipment,I _______ the task on schedule.
A.would accomplish
B.might have accomplished.
C.must have accomplished
D.could accomplish

收藏 纠错 题号:8766947 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等 引用:2次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

The argument doesn’t hold much ground ______ family backgrounds offer graduates anadvantage in the career competition nowadays.
A.where      B.that       C.which      D.when

收藏 纠错 题号:61159 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等 组卷:1次 引用:4次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

The new hospital will be located in _______ used to be a wasteland and a huge shopping mall will also be constructed ______ there used to be a school many years ago.
A.where; where        B.what ; in which
C.what ; where        D.which; where

收藏 纠错 题号:8766957 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

—Hey, _______ the boy with a blue backpack come over here? We need another hand with this table.
—Me? Oh, sorry, but I’ve got an injury in my leg.
A.shall      B.would      C.should     D.must

收藏 纠错 题号:8766960 题型: 日期: 试题难度:较易

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

—What do you think of his newly-published book?
—It’s the best one he ________, but that’s not saying much.
A.wrote      B.is writing     C.has written     D.will write

收藏 纠错 题号:8766961 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

Our city streets ________with people, cars and bicycles, drivers have to take the responsibility to watch out for people crossing the road.
A.were crowded               B.crowding
C.to crowd                 D.crowded

收藏 纠错 题号:8766963 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

We ________ the Ministry of Health’s efforts to reform the health care system, which helps relieve the high medical cost burdens.
A.adapted              B.congratulated
C.applauded             D.measured

收藏 纠错 题号:8766965 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

We’ve always regarded him as a man of integrity and high professional _________.
A.consequence     B.competence     C.accuracy     D.diversity

收藏 纠错 题号:3928086 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

He was a bit nervous.He _________ his spare breath with a soft sound that was almost heard by the audience.
A.gave out     B.let out     C.picked out     D.blew out.

收藏 纠错 题号:8766970 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

The leaders of Denmark and Finland said on Friday that China has showed a willingness to________ global efforts to bail out debt-ridden European countries.
A.subscribe to          B.contribute to
C.appeal to           D.apply to

收藏 纠错 题号:643702 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

Some cyclists make the _______ that traffic laws do not _______ them. It is not true, _______.
A.assumption; apply to; though
B.thought; apply to; however
C.assuming; apply for; though
D.idea; apply for; however

收藏 纠错 题号:8766976 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等 引用:2次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

—Will Mr Black allow us to bring mobile phones to school? 
—He is ______ and I don’t think he’ll give us permission.
A.the best fish        B.our great rock
C.a tough nut         D.an early bird

收藏 纠错 题号:8767001 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等 组卷:1次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
    Do you see the glass as half-full rather than half-empty?Such clichés (陈词滥调)are    1    questions, as researchers examine with great care the power of positive thinking. Research is proving that optimism can    2    you to be happier, healthier and more successful. Pessimism leads,    3    , to hopelessness, sickness and failure, and is linked to    4    , loneliness and painful shyness. If we could teach people to think more positively, it would be like protecting them against these    5    illnesses.
    Your abilities count but the belief that you can succeed    6    the result. When things go wrong, the pessimist tends to    7    himself. “I’m not good at this,” he says. “I always fail.”  But the optimist looks for other    8    . Negative or positive, you are what you think. If people feel hopeless, they don’t    9    to acquire the skills they need to succeed.
    A sense of control is the real test for    10    . The optimist feels in control of his own life. If things are going badly, he    11    quickly, looking for solutions, forming a new plan of action, and    12    for advice. The pessimist feels like a toy of fate and moves slowly. He doesn’t seek advice, since he    13    nothing can be done. Many studies suggest that the pessimist’s feeling of helplessness    14    the body’s immune system. The pessimist doesn’t take good care of himself. Feeling passive and unable to avoid life’s    15    , he expects ill health and other misfortunes, no matter what he does. He eats junk food, avoids exercise, and    16    the doctor.
    Most people are a(n)    17    of optimism and pessimism, but are in favor of one direction or the other. It is a pattern of    18    learned at our mothers’ knees. It grows out of thousands of cautions or    19    , negative statements or positive ones. Pessimism is a hard habit to    20    but it can be done. So, if you are a pessimist, there are ways....
1.A.specific    B.scientific    C.physical    D.universal
2.A.help    B.force    C.forbid    D.train
3.A.for instance    B.at best    C.in fact    D.by contrast
4.A.kindness    B.carelessness    C.passion    D.depression
5.A.severe    B.mental    C.terminal    D.major
6.A.challenges    B.contradicts    C.affects    D.abuses
7.A.correct    B.comfort    C.assist    D.blame
8.A.excuses    B.opportunities    C.explanations    D.advantages
9.A.bother    B.agree    C.wait    D.hesitate
10.A.ambition    B.success    C.conscience    D.courage
11.A.runs    B.acts    C.quits    D.turns
12.A.standing up    B.making up    C.looking out    D.reaching out
13.A.suspects    B.denies    C.assumes    D.pretends
14.A.weakens    B.restores    C.improves    D.defends
15.A.aims    B.gifts    C.blesses    D.blows
16.A.consults    B.ignores    C.praises    D.follows
17.A.result    B.option    C.mix    D.image
18.A.thinking    B.behavior    C.expression    D.complaining
19.A.pressures    B.favors    C.criticisms    D.encouragements
20.A.develop    B.assess    C.break    D.understand

收藏 纠错 题号:8767015 题型: 日期: 试题难度:较易

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

Useful Information  
China Country Code number :0086
Dalian City Code Number: 0411
Government Complaint Hotline: 12345(English service available)
Exit and Entry Administration of Dalian Public Security Bureau Hotline: 86766108
Tourism Information Hotline: 96181
EMS Express (or Post office) Service: 11185
Taxi Complaint Hotline: 83638119
Dalian Tourism Bureau website: http://en.visitdl.com/Web/
Transportation
Sightseeing Bus:
    The sightseeing bus route operates from mid April to the end of October. It provides tourists with a 90-minute ride for only RMB 10.00 per person. And with the same ticket, tourists can get on or off the bus at each of the 18 scenic spots over the course of a day.
    The route starts at the southern square of the Dalian Railway Station and passes by the municipal government, Xinghai Square, the coastal Binhai Road, the city’s CBD and then circles back to the railway station.
Bus and BRT:
    The price of a ticket is usually RMB 1.00 or 2.00. Passengers should pay exact fares(change is unavailable) or use a traffic card.
Taxi:
    The base fare is RMB 8.00 for the first 3 km. It increases by RMB 2.00 for each additional km. At night (10 pm to 5 am), the fare is 30% higher.
Light Rail:
    The rail stretches from the Dalian Railway Station in downtown to the Golden Pebble Beach (Jinshitan) national tourist resort. The ticket fares range from RMB 1.00 to 8.00 according to different distances.
    Plus, the subway system is under construction.
1.If you want to ask for information about applying for a passport, you can directly dial_______.
A.96181
B.12345
C.83638119
D.86766108
2.Which of the following is true?
A.The sightseeing bus is convenient for tourists and runs all year round.
B.Tourists who will take BRT don’t need to prepare change in advance.
C.Tourists in Dalian can’t take subway temporarily.
D.Tourists taking light rail pay RMB 6.00 at most in Dalian.
3.If you want to visit a friend in Dalian by taxi at 23:00 and the distance is 20km, you have to pay________.
A.RMB40.00
B.RMB54.60
C.RMB46.00
D.RMB52.20

收藏 纠错 题号:8181146 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等 组卷:16次 引用:3次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

    For Yali Liu, the hardest thing about UK higher education is having to go to the pub. “It’s how much you need to invest socially with other students,” she says. “I don’t like going to a pub or club, but people just keep going out and I feel the pressure to go out too.” This is because, unlike in China, she says, there is so much emphasis during the course on teamwork and group projects, so socialising with other students – especially British people, is crucial.
    Liu, 23, who is in her final year of a BSc in business administration at the University of Bath, is one of more than 80,000 Chinese students studying in UK universities. They are responsible for a large proportion of the more than £10bn a year that international students contribute to the UK economy. However, research shows that where their academic attainment(成就) is concerned, the picture is not satisfactory. While nearly 58% of all students – and 45% of overseas students graduated with a first-class degree last year, this was true of only 35% of students from China.
    To find an explanation, Zhiqi Wang and Ian Crawford, lecturers at the University of Bath, compared the performance of Chinese and British undergraduates in each year of their degree. Taking a sample of 100 British and Chinese students and comparing their average marks and final degree classification, they found a dramatic drop in performance among the Chinese students between year one, when they performed better than their UK counterparts, and year two, when they performed worse.
    They believe the drop results from two factors. First, Chinese students fail to adapt their approaches to learning and so their performance declines in the later years when the complexity of the work increases. Second, many young people in China enroll in higher education due to pressure from family rather than their own motivation.
    Professor Sedghi thinks part of the problem may be the changing socio-economic background of Chinese undergraduates. While 85% of Chinese students at British universities before 2000 were mature students, often funded by the government, since 2004, however, they have been younger, most funded by their families.
    Maybe UK institutions need to work harder to take into account what a big challenge it is for young people from a radically different culture and linguistic background to adapt to life in the UK. “We need to do more, contacting students before their arrival, assigning them tutors, encouraging peer-assisted learning, for example,” says Sedghi.
1.What can be inferred about Yali Liu from the passage?
A.She is not good at socialising with local students.
B.She is bored with the teamwork and group projects.
C.Her family can’t afford her education in the UK.
D.The university won’t award her a first-class degree.
2.Which of the following is NOT a possible factor for Chinese students’ unsatisfactory attainment?
A.They don’t adjust their studying methods in time.
B.They are lacking in motivation to achieve success.
C.They are too young and mostly come from poor families.
D.They haven’t got necessary support from the UK universities.
3.The passage mainly talks about ________________ in UK universities.
A.the great pressure Chinese students are suffering
B.cultural differences between the east and the west
C.main reasons for Chinese students’ poor performance
D.possible solutions to the problems facing Chinese students

收藏 纠错 题号:8767021 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等 组卷:1次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

    Tuesday’s Amtrak derailment(脱轨) Philadelphia, which claimed eight lives and injured more than 200 others, has turned the country’s attention to railroad safety. But for those commuters(每日往返上班者) questioning whether or not to board the next train, statistics may offer some reassurance.
    According to the scientific journal Bandolier, the lifetime odds of dying on a passenger train in the US are about one in 1,871,241. So trains are still one of the safest modes of transport; in 2013, 891 U.S. fatalities were linked to rail travel, while 32,700 people were killed in highway accidents.
    “Train accidents are rare,” Dr. Zarembski, director of the railroad safety program, told The Huffington Post. “Accident rate in 2014 was 2.2 accidents per million train miles, this number has been declining steadily.” But if you are still concerned about safety — or if you’re just curious about which part of the train is the safest place to sit — science has an answer for that too.
    The front car of a train is the most dangerous place in the event of a head-on collision, while the last car is less safe if the train is rear-ended(追尾). In fact, trains are nine times more likely to derail than to hit another train or car head-on or to get hit from behind, according to the Federal Railroad Administration. The administration found that there were about 13,200 derailments from 2005 to 2014, compared with about 1,450 collisions.
    Studies suggest that broken rails or welds are the leading cause of derailment, and these problems more often cause derailments near the front of the train. Therefore, choosing a car located in the middle, or one or two back from the middle of the train may be the safest bet, Ross Capon, president of the National Association of Railroad Passengers, told CBS New York.
    If you can’t get a seat near the midpoint of a train, there’s another potential safety factor you might want to consider — namely, which way your seat is facing. “I prefer rear facing so that in most cases you are pushed back into the seat in the event of an emergency braking application,” Zarembski said.
    In general, aisle(过道) seats are safer than window seats, where a passenger is more likely to come in contact with broken glass or be thrown out of the train, Capon told CBS New York. Of course, in the very rare event of a catastrophic crash like Tuesday’s, there’s no guarantee that sitting in a certain place or facing a certain way means you’ll escape being injured.
1.What does the underlined word “fatalities” in Paragraph 2 most probably mean?
A.Deaths.
B.Rates.
C.Accidents.
D.Carriages.
2. In the first three paragraphs, the author is trying to ______.
A.describe objectively the serious consequences a derailment may bring about
B.urge people to consider carefully whether to board a train in the future
C.impress on people the poor management of American railway lines
D.persuade people with statistics that it is still safer to travel by train
3.After reading the passage, we can infer that it might be the safest to sit ________.
A.front facing on a window seat in the front cars
B.front facing on an aisle seat in the last few cars
C.rear facing on an aisle seat in the middle cars
D.rear facing on a window seat one car behind the middle

收藏 纠错 题号:8767032 题型: 日期: 试题难度:困难 引用:2次

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

    Michael Herr, who has died aged 76, was the author of Dispatches (1977), the best book about the Vietnam war. Herr also made vital contributions to two of the best films on the war, Apocalypse Now and Full Metal Jacket.
    It took Herr eight years to write Dispatches, in part because he went home from Saigon with a bad case of stress disorder. He had gone to Vietnam as a correspondent for Esquire magazine. An American general asked him whether he was there to write about military fashion, and another whether he was there to write humour. No, he told them. He wrote little for Esquire, but took advantage of the US government’s decision to allow correspondents extraordinary access to go to war with the soldiers. He shared their discomforts and their fears, witnessed their death and recorded their language.
    His own language, a stream of consciousness pulsing with energy, but masterfully controlled, captured the fear and the horror, but also the excitement, of the war in the jungle and paddy fields. “So much beauty”, he recalled, “and so much pleasure”. He recorded with a connoisseur’s expertise (行家专长) such details as the many ways in which soldiers would wish each other good luck, and the degrees of madness that were considered acceptable.
    He identified with the young soldiers and learned in the first few days that you could not affect neutrality (中立). “If you are neutral, you don’t get it,” said he. He generally did not carry a weapon, though on occasion he did fire at Vietnamese in emergencies. The young soldiers, he said, “are my guns”.
    The power of the book, perhaps, comes from Herr’s insistence on describing the war, or more precisely his own responses to it, rather than protesting (抗议) against it. It also comes from the ceaseless accompaniment of two elements, drugs and music — more particularly rock music, and especially the music of Jimi Hendrix. Herr himself spent drug-fuelled weekends in a flat in Saigon, staring at an ancient French map of Indochina, and he never caught a helicopter without a Hendrix record.
    He met soldiers with a left pocket full of Dexedrine, the “upper” officially administered by the army to get them into battle, and a right pocket full of “downers” to get them through it. Dispatches did not come out until 1977, when the country was beginning to have its mind on other problems, but it did more, perhaps, than any other book to freeze an image of despair and a sense of waste about the war, rather as the trench poets of 1914 —1918 did in Britain.
    Herr also made vital contributions to two of the most influential Vietnam films. He wrote Martin Sheen’s voiceover for Francis Ford Coppola’s Apocalypse Now and later wrote the screenplay for Stanley Kubrick’s Full Metal Jacket. His work, in the book and the two films, has been seen as part of the process whereby the US came to see itself and its history no longer merely through traditional literature, but in sounds and images, in ways that prefigured (预示) the internet.
    In 1980 Herr moved to London, where he stayed until he moved back to the US in 1991. It was there that he met Stanley Kubrick, who became a close friend, though Herr warned against doing business with him. Herr wrote Kubrick’s biography, but he wrote surprisingly little else after Dispatches.
1.Why did Michael Herr go to Vietnam during the war years?
A.To join the soldiers in military actions.
B.To report military actions and advances.
C.To give an authentic account of the war.
D.To write about military fashion and humour.
2.What can we infer from Michael Herr’s statement underlined in Paragraph 4?
A.It was impossible to remain neutral during the war.
B.It was unnecessary to show pity for the war victims.
C.Neutrality is a means to keep you safe during the war.
D.Neutrality can help the civilians free from sufferings.
3.Which of the following about Dispatches is true?
A.It fully describes Herr’s protest against the war.
B.Its language is casually selected and organized.
C.Music and drugs give the author inspiration.
D.It truly reflects Herr’s responses to the war.
4.US soldiers brought drugs with them during the war most probably because _______.
A.they were addicted to drugs
B.they suffered stress disorder
C.they used them to cure the wounds
D.they exchanged them for music records
5.Which of the following can best describe Herr’s attitude towards the war?
A.Supportive.
B.Uninterested.
C.Disapproving.
D.Neutral.
6.What can we learn from the last two paragraphs?
A.Herr’s work offered Americans more ways to know themselves.
B.Herr stopped writing after the book Dispatches was published.
C.Herr rejected his friend’s request to write a biography for him.
D.Herr’s work played a positive role in the birth of the Internet.

收藏 纠错 题号:8767038 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

你出国后一直和你的老师们通信吗?
Have you been __________ __________ your teachers since you went abroad?

收藏 纠错 题号:8767039 题型: 日期: 试题难度:较易

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

我们都在努力地帮助这个可怜的孩子从巨大的孤独中走出来。
We are all making efforts to help ________ the poor child ________ the great loneliness.

收藏 纠错 题号:8767041 题型: 日期: 试题难度:较易

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

由于市民们强烈地反对将这个决定付诸于实践,政府不得不取消此计划。
Citizens were strongly ________ ________ putting the decision into practice,so the government had to cancel its plan.

收藏 纠错 题号:8767045 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

Many children benefit from the books he donated to the rural school. (同义句转化)
The books he donated to the rural school are __________ __________ many children.

收藏 纠错 题号:8767048 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

Because of the smoke from the steam engines, early underground lines needed large holes which led to the surface at regular intervals.(同义句转化)
_______ to the smoke from the steam engines, early underground lines needed large holes_______ to the surface at regular intervals.

收藏 纠错 题号:8767069 题型: 日期: 试题难度:较难

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。
Self-regulated Learning
    Today, people change jobs an average of seven times before they retire. Many of these career changes require new learning that must be self-initiated and self-directed. Thus, one goal of teaching is to free students from the need for teachers, so they can continue to learn independently throughout their lives. That is, to make them self-regulated learners. Self-regulated learners have a combination of academic learning skills and self-control that makes learning easier.
    What influences self-regulated learning?
    Knowledge, motivation and will-power combine to influence self-regulated learning.
    First of all, self-regulated learners have knowledge about themselves. For example, they know their preferred learning styles; what their interests and talents are: and how to take advantage of their strengths. These experts also know quite a bit about the subject being studied-and the more they know, the easier it is to learn more. They understand different learning tasks require different approaches. Further, they have mastered adequate learning strategies and tactics. For example, they know how and when to skim and how and when to read for deep understanding.
    Self-regulated learners are motivated by learning itself. They find many tasks in school interesting because they value learning, not just performing well in the eyes of others. However, knowledge and motivation are not always enough. Self-regulated learners need will-power. They won't give up easily. They know how to protect themselves from distractions—for example, what to do when attracted to stop working and have a cup of coffee.
    A model of self-regulated learning.
    Phi Winne and Allyson Hadwin put forward a 4-stage model.
    1. Analyzing the learning task. Learners examine whatever information they think is relevant in order to construct a sense of what the task is about, what resources are available, and how they feel about the work to be done.
    2. Setting goals and devising plans. What goals for studying might you set for a quiz covering only one chapter that counts just 3% toward your grade? Would your goals change if the test covered the last six chapters and counted 30% toward your course grade? Your goal in turn affects the shape of your plans for how to study. Is cramming(突击学习) the best approach? Is it a better plan to study a half-hour each day?
    3. Enacting tactics and strategies to accomplish the task. Learners put their tactics and strategies into practice and monitor how well the plan is working. Are you reaching your goals? Is your progress rate fast enough to be prepared for the test?
    4. Regulating learning. Learners have to decide whether changes are needed in any of the three preceding stages. For example, if learning is slow:Do you need to review some prior material that provides foundations for the content you are now studying?
    Teaching toward self-regulated learning.
    To develop students' self-regulated learning ability, teachers should let students take an active part in finishing complex meaningful tasks; give them control over their learning processes and products; involve students in setting criteria for evaluating their learning processes and products, then give them opportunities to make judgments about their progress using those standards.
Title: Self-regulated Learning
Passage outlineSupporting details
to the topic
◇One goal of teaching is to educate students to ②on themselves for lifelong learning.
◇Self-regulated learners ③academic learning skills with self-control.
Factors ④self-regulated learning
◇Self-regulated learners know about themselves and subjects, understand
  different ⑤to learning tasks and master necessary strategies and tactics.
◇Self-regulated learners have strong motivation to learn.
◇Self-regulated learners have great will-power to focus their ⑥on the learning tasks.
Four stages of self-regulated learning
◇Learners examine relevant information to further understand the task, available resources and their feeling about the work.
◇Learners should base your goal on the learning task and shape their learning plan accordingly.
◇Learners ⑦tactics and strategies to the task and monitor learning process.
◇Learners decide ⑧to make any change in the previous three stages.
Ways to develop students' self-regulated learning ability
◇Let students participate ⑨in complex meaningful tasks.
◇Give students control over their learning processes and products.
◇Get students ⑩ in setting criteria and make judgments.

收藏 纠错 题号:8767073 题型: 日期: 试题难度:中等

来源:江苏省清江中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。
    Eating snacks can be a good way to stop your hunger and get the vitamins your body needs. But as teenagers you need to pay attention to what you eat. Choosing healthy snacks means shopping smartly. Be careful of the health claims on food packages. Words on the package like “all natural” or “pure” don’t always mean the food is good for you. Be careful of low-fat food claims, too. If the fat has been cut back, the amount of sugar in the food may have been increased to keep the food tasting good. Many low-fat foods have nearly as many calories as their full-fat versions. Here are some ways to make healthy snacking part of your everyday routine.
    ★ Keep plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables at home, so you can take them with you when you go out.
    ★ Satisfy your cravings with healthier foods. If you are crazy about chocolate, try a hot chocolate drink instead of a chocolate bar. If you want something salty, eat whole grain biscuits instead of potato chips. Besides, it is wise for you to replace ice-cream with yogurt.
    ★ Pay attention to the amount you eat. As with everything, moderation(适度)is the key to smart snacking.
【写作内容】
1.用约30个单词概述上述信息的主要内容;
2.简述摄取过多脂肪和热量的负面影响;
3.你对“零食控”的建议。
【写作要求】
1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;
2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;
3.不必写标题。
【评分标准】内容完整,语音规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。
参考词汇: 肥胖   obesity
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